How to Get an Individual Tax ID Number ITIN and Why You Need One

get an itin

In some cases, an ITIN can be used as a substitute for an SSN to open a personal checking or savings account. A bank account is a safe place to store your money and allows you to establish a financial history. The Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) is how the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) keeps track of certain taxpayers in the United States. It is like the student numbers issued by colleges to identify their students. The IRS requires you to mail in your original documents to complete this process. To avoid having to set up an ITIN in person, simply fill out this form to apply for an ITIN online right now.

Choose whether you’re applying or renewingIn the very first section, you’ll be prompted to mark whether you’re renewing an ITIN you already have or applying for a new one. You’ll still have to pay into those programs if you pay self-employment tax. However, you won’t get any of that money back in the form of future benefits — unless, of course, you acquire a Social Security number down the road.

You are not increasing your exposure by renewing an ITIN or filing taxes with an ITIN. Your ITIN is used to confirm your identity as a federal taxpayer. You use your ITIN in any situation where you need to provide a federal taxpayer identification number. The third way to apply for a new ITIN is at an IRS Assistance Center. As with an Acceptance Agent, you will not need to mail anything in.

While Keeper doesn’t currently support W-7 filings, our tax filing service is quick and easy. With just a few clicks, you can electronically file your taxes with the IRS to ensure the fastest possible processing times. Many countries have tax agreements with the United States which could exempt some of your income from federal taxes. This link to Publication 901 will provide you with information on any tax treaty your country may have with the US. The IRS also has the exact text of each tax treaty of each country. Tax treaties are only applicable to those who are nonresidents for tax purposes.

We’ve provided this information for educational purposes, and it does not constitute tax, legal, or accounting advice. If you would like a tax expert to clarify it for you, feel free to sign up for Keeper. The Individual Taxpayer Identification Number [ITIN] is a U.S. taxpayer identification number, issued by the Internal Revenue Service [IRS]. ITINs that have not been used on a tax return for Tax Year 2019, Tax Year 2020 or Tax Year 2021 will expire December 31, 2022. Unless you will not need to file an income tax return next year, you will likely need to renew your ITIN if you fit either of the above two categories.

  • These affiliate earnings support the maintenance and operation of this website.
  • They review the applicants documentation and forward the completed Form W-7 to IRS for processing.
  • It is like the student numbers issued by colleges to identify their students.
  • If you are not required to file a tax return while you are in the United States, then you do not need an ITIN.
  • You can fill out the necessary paperwork online but then you must print it and submit it via one of the two options above.

Knowing the potential risks and benefits involved, only proceed with an ITIN application or tax filing if you feel comfortable. Many people who are not authorized to live in the United States worry that filing taxes increases their exposure to the government, fearing this could ultimately result in deportation. If you already have an ITIN, then the IRS has your information, unless you moved recently.

As a rule, you can’t submit your W-7 package without attaching it to a tax return. That being said, the price will vary depending on where you live and whether the CAA prepares your tax return as well. They can also help you fill out the Form W-7 completely — and even prepare your tax return for you. If you decide to work with a CAA, they can verify your original documents and send certified copies to the IRS for you. IRS regulations do not allow an individual to have both an ITIN and an SSN. Once you receive your SSN, you have to request that your ITIN be rescinded.

This looks the same whether you’re applying for a new ITIN or just renewing an old one. Anyone who needs to pay taxes but doesn’t fit into the Social Security box should get an ITIN. Only a Social Security Number qualifies you to receive Social Security and other government benefits. For citizens (and some eligible residents or foreign nationals), that number is their Social Security Number — often assigned at birth.

Credit for Other Dependents (OCD)

Acceptance Agents are entities (colleges, financial institutions, accounting firms, etc.) who are authorized by the IRS to assist applicants in obtaining ITINs. They review the applicants documentation and forward the completed Form W-7 to IRS for processing. Alien individuals who are legally admitted to the U.S. for permanent residence or other categories which authorize U.S. employment are eligible for Social Security Numbers (SSNs). Individuals who are eligible for SSNs are ineligible for ITINS. • Nonresident and resident aliens, their spouses and dependents can apply for an ITIN, regardless of immigration status.

  • In the United States, every person who has taxable income has to file an annual tax return with the IRS, or Internal Revenue Service.
  • Students needing an ITIN will be able to use SPRINTAX to apply for one with their tax return filings in February/March.
  • For U.S. citizens, the IRS identifies them using their Social Security Number (SSN), which is issued by the Social Security Administration.
  • Students seeking services can see our current student services page, which includes virtual and in-person options.
  • You just need to provide your supporting documents and completed Form W-7 to the IRS representative at the Center.

If you have not used your ITIN to file a tax return in several years you might need to renew it. We have tax professionals and Certified Acceptance Agents (CAAs) available to answer your questions and quickly process your renewal for free. You can fill out the necessary paperwork online but then you must print it and submit it via one of the two options above. You’ll be required to have the original document or certified copy with your application. This guide will take you through the steps of how to apply for ITINs, the average timeframe, and ways to streamline the process.

If you don’t owe money on your federal or state tax returns, we recommend waiting until you’re eligible for an SSN to file your tax returns. An individual taxpayer ID 5 Differences Between Tangible and Intangible Assets number (ITIN) is for people who have to file tax returns but are not eligible for an SSN. Like an SSN, your ITIN is issued by the IRS for tax-reporting purposes only.

How do I apply for an ITIN?

Find your H&R Block Tax Office today to ensure you are prepared.

get an itin

It is important that you read and follow these instructions, section by section. The IRS is very particular on how you file this form (especially the address portion). Do not leave any blanks; write ‘N/A’ if something does not apply to you.

File Taxes and Claim Benefits

A project of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, the Campaign partners with community organizations, businesses, government agencies, and financial institutions to conduct outreach nationally. IRS issues ITINs to help individuals comply with the U.S. tax laws, and to provide a means to efficiently process and account for tax returns and payments for those not eligible for Social Security numbers. They are issued regardless of immigration status, because both resident and nonresident aliens may have a U.S. filing or reporting requirement under the Internal Revenue Code. ITINs do not serve any purpose other than federal tax reporting. You can file Form W-7, Application for IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN), with your federal income tax return. You must also include original documentation or certified copies from the issuing agency to prove identity and foreign status.

get an itin

Our Sprintax tax preparation software for internationals will complete and generate a ITIN application (W-7 form) for you if you do not have an SSN. Acceptance Agents are often found at colleges, financial institutions, accounting firms, nonprofit agencies and some Low Income Taxpayer Clinics. Commercial tax preparers who are Acceptance Agents often charge a fee that can range from $50 to $275 for completing the Form W-7. Some credit cards require you to have an established bank account to apply. By developing a good credit history, you may be able to do things like buy a house, purchase a car, or borrow money to start a business in the future.

How do I file taxes with an ITIN?

To request that your ITIN be rescinded, contact the IRS (ITIN unit) after you have received the SSN and inform them of your new SSN. • Anyone who needs to file a tax return and doesn’t have a Social Security number needs to obtain an Individual Tax Identification Number, or ITIN. Current law generally prohibits the IRS from sharing tax return information with other agencies, with a few important exceptions. The protections against the disclosure of information are set in law so they cannot be rescinded by a presidential executive order or other administrative action unless Congress changes the law.

The documents listed below are for the governmental ITIN application only and may not be the same documents you need to complete your paperwork with the University. Follow up with your Dean of Student’s office if you have any questions about documents needed to process your award. It takes up to seven weeks for the IRS to issue a new ITIN if you apply in person. It could take up to 14 weeks for the IRS to issue your ITIN if you applied by mail. You only need to apply for an ITIN if you are required to file a tax return in the U.S., but you do not have a social security number.

They won’t officially begin accepting tax returns before then, so keep an eye out for this announcement. If you need more time to file, though, you can always submit a tax extension giving you six additional months to file. Things get lost or damaged in the mail all the time, and replacing something like a passport is no small task. If this has happened to you, locate the IRSN number on the letter you received from the IRS and list it under box 6f. This way, the IRS will be able to match the tax return in their system. An IRSN, or “Internal Revenue Service Number,” is a temporary number the IRS issues when it receives a tax return without the Form W-7 attached.

The Application

Filing taxes also means that you can claim tax credits that you are eligible for. These credits can reduce the amount of taxes you owe or can provide you a tax refund that can be put towards things like the cost of raising kids or to cover daily living expenses. Learn more about specific tax credits available if you have an ITIN. You should apply for an ITIN if you are required to file or report your tax return but you don’t have a social security number.

An Individual Tax Identification Number (ITIN) is issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), which is the U.S. tax collection agency. The number is for nonresidents who need to file a tax return because of taxable income (like some scholarships) but are not eligible for a Social Security Number (SSN). Acceptance Agents are authorized by the IRS to assist you in completing your ITIN application. In that case, you must take the completed Form W-7 certified by the Agent to a VITA site or commercial tax preparer and submit it with the tax return. However, some people are required to file a tax return in the U.S. but do not have a social security number.

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